illustrators and artists who make a living from the work we produce, we must be
aware, and beware, of what we are agreeing to when we click on “agree
” when setting up a relationship
with a social network. It is important to read the terms of service and to know
what you are agreeing to. For instance, by posting examples of your work you
may inadvertently be licensing a social network to use your work for anything
they fancy. Sure, you own the copyright, but that copyright s compromised by
you agreement to allow a social network to essentially due anything they want
with your imagery in perpetuity. Of course, for those hobbyists who don’t
intend to make a living from the work they create, posting photos or drawings
may not pose a concern.
|© 2014 Don Arday.|
So lets say
you don’t actually display work on these network sites, you only post links. Be
aware that some have included language in their terms that also include
material that are provided in active “click” links provided, this could be your
website, or other domains where your work is housed.
So how can
you safeguard your rights of ownership as an artist, and still be able to
participate in social networks. First you must assess what advantage there is
in partnering with a social network. Is it for increasing business sales, cultivating
followers, exposure to unknown markets, showing off work, communicating with
other artists, or for ego, etc. In other words, for what benefit you are you willing
to grant unrestricted licensing of your work to a social network for. And then
make a decision as to whether a social network will provide the service and
advantage that you seek.
social networks refer to your image, writings, messages, etc., as “your content
”. It is your
responsibility to safeguard and protect that content. It is particularly
crucial as you may be dependent on the earnings your creative output generates
or may engender in the future.
agreement statements provided by social network providers. The social network
providers represented here are among the most common ones subscribed to by illustrators and artists.
The Illustrators Partnership Of America (IPA)
To be in the
know, I highly recommend consulting the Illustrators Partnership of America
website. The IPA is, and has been, dedicated to protecting the rights of
illustrators and illustration works, as well as all artists for a number of
License and warranty for your submissions
to LinkedIn: You still own what you own, but you grant us a license to the
content and/or information you provide us. As between you and LinkedIn, you own
the content and information you provide LinkedIn under this Agreement, and may
request its deletion at any time, unless you have shared information or content
with others and they have not deleted it, or it was copied or stored by other
you grant LinkedIn a nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual,
unlimited, assignable, sub-licensable, fully paid up and royalty-free right to
us to copy, prepare derivative works of, improve, distribute, publish, remove,
retain, add, process, analyze, use and commercialize, in any way
now known or
in the future discovered, any information you provide, directly or indirectly
to LinkedIn, including, but not limited to, any user generated content, ideas,
concepts, techniques and/or data to the services, you submit to LinkedIn,
without any further consent, notice and/or compensation to you or to any third
respect the choices you make about who gets to see your information and
content. Pursuant to this license, LinkedIn may grant other Members and/or
Visitors access and share rights to your content and information in accordance
with this Agreement, your settings and degree of connection with them. With
respect to your SlideShare content, you may choose to make it available to
Members and Visitors under the Creative Commons license of your choice. You
promise to only provide us information and content that you have the right to
give us and you promise that your LinkedIn profile will be truthful. Any content or information you submit to us
is at your own risk of loss.
By providing content or information to us, you
represent and warrant that you are entitled to submit it and that it is not
confidential and not in violation of any law, contractual restrictions or other
third party rights (including any intellectual property rights).It is your
responsibility to keep your LinkedIn profile information accurate and updated.
Statement of Rights and Responsibilities.
Sharing Your Content and Information:
You own all of the content and
information you post on Facebook, and you can control how it is shared through
In addition: For content that is covered by intellectual
property rights, like photos and videos (IP content), you specifically give us
the following permission, subject to your privacy and application settings:
you grant us a non-exclusive, transferable, sub-licensable, royalty-free,
worldwide license to use any IP content that you post on or in connection with
Facebook (IP License). This IP License ends when you delete your IP content or
your account unless your content has been shared with others, and they have not
delete IP content, it is deleted in a manner similar to emptying the recycle
bin on a computer. However, you understand that removed content may persist in
backup copies for a reasonable period of time (but will not be available to
others). When you use
an application, the application may ask for your permission to access your
content and information as well as content and information that others have
shared with you. We require applications to respect your privacy, and
your agreement with that application will control how the application can use,
store, and transfer that content and information. (To learn more about
Platform, including how you can control what information other people may share
with applications, read our Data Use Policy
and Platform Page
.) When you
publish content or information using the Public setting, it means that you are
allowing everyone, including people off of Facebook, to access and use that
information, and to associate it with you (i.e., your name and profile
picture). We always
appreciate your feedback or other suggestions about Facebook, but you
understand that we may use them without any obligation to compensate you for
them (just as you have no obligation to offer them).
Your Content. Ownership: You
retain all rights and ownership in your content. Behance does not claim
any ownership rights in your content.
License to Your Content. Even
though we don’t claim ownership of your content, we do need certain licenses to
your content in order to operate and enable the Services.
When you upload or
submit content to our Services, you grant Behance (and our parents and
affiliates) a worldwide license to communicate, distribute, host, make
modifications or derivative works (solely for the purpose of better showcase
your work), publicly display, publicly perform, publish, reproduce, store, and
use such content. The license granted by you is for the only purpose of
operating, marketing, promoting, and improving our Services. We will
attribute to you if we incorporate your content into a Behance feature or into
promotional or marketing materials.
Accessing and Sharing Your Content.
your content to our Services, you also give other Behance users the right to
share your content via various social medial platforms integrated with
We may offer you ways to access and remove your
content. Our Service may also provide ways for you to limit the scope of
use and access and other user’s access and use of your content. You are
responsible for determining the limitations that are placed on your content and
for applying the appropriate level of access to your content. We do not
monitor or control what others do with your content. It’s your
responsibility to let other users know how your content may be shared and
adjust the setting related to accessing and sharing your content accordingly.
of License. You may terminate this license at any time by removing your
content from the Services. However, you agree that Behance may retain and
use copies of your content for archival or backup purposes and for the
investigation purpose mentioned later.
Feedback: You have no obligation to provide
Behance with ideas, suggestions or proposals (“Feedback”). If you submit
Feedback to Behance, we may use it for any purpose without compensation to you
and have no obligation to keep your Feedback confidential.
Your Content/Posting Content: Pinterest
allows you to post content, including photos, comments, links, and other
materials. Anything that you post or otherwise make available on our Products
is referred to as "User Content." You retain all rights in, and are
solely responsible for, the User Content you post to Pinterest. More simply
put: If you post your content on Pinterest, it still belongs to you but we can
show it to people and others can re-pin it.
Pinterest and other users can use your content. You grant Pinterest and its users a
non-exclusive, royalty-free, transferable, sub-licensable, worldwide license to
use, store, display, reproduce, re-pin, modify, create derivative works,
perform, and distribute your User Content on Pinterest solely for the purposes
of operating, developing, providing, and using the Pinterest Products.
Nothing in these Terms shall restrict other legal rights Pinterest may have to
User Content, for example under other licenses. We reserve the right to remove
or modify User Content for any reason, including User Content that we believe
violates these Terms or our policies.
How long we keep your content: Following termination or deactivation of your account, or if
you remove any User Content from Pinterest, we may retain your User Content for
a commercially reasonable period of time for backup, archival, or audit
purposes. Furthermore, Pinterest and its users may retain and continue to use,
store, display, reproduce, re-pin, modify, create derivative works, perform,
and distribute any of your User Content that other users have stored or shared
put: Copies of content shared with others may remain even after you delete the
content from your account. Feedback you provide. We value hearing from our
users, and are always interested in learning about ways we can make Pinterest
more awesome. If you choose to submit comments, ideas or feedback, you agree
that we are free to use them without any restriction or compensation to you. By
accepting your submission, Pinterest does not waive any rights to use similar
or related Feedback previously known to Pinterest, or developed by its
employees, or obtained from sources other than you
put: Also, don't post porn or spam or be a jerk to other Pinners. Oh, and we
can actually use your suggestions to make Pinterest better.
Content and Subscriber Content:
For purposes of this Agreement: (1) the term "Content" means a
creative expression and includes, without limitation, video, audio,
photographs, images, illustrations, animations, logos, tools, written posts,
replies, comments, information, data, text, software, scripts, executable
files, graphics, Themes (as defined below), and interactive features, any of
which may be generated, provided, or otherwise made accessible on or through
the Services; (2) the term "Subscriber Content" means Content that a
Subscriber submits, transfers, or otherwise provides to the Services. Content
includes, without limitation, all Subscriber Content.
in Subscriber Content: Subscribers retain ownership and/or other applicable
rights in Subscriber Content, and Tumblr and/or third parties retain ownership
and/or other applicable rights in all Content other than Subscriber Content. You
retain ownership you have of any intellectual property you post to Tumblr.
Subscriber Content License to Tumblr: When you provide
Subscriber Content to Tumblr through the Services, you grant Tumblr a
non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free, sublicensable, transferable right and
license to use, host, store, cache, reproduce, publish, display (publicly or
otherwise), perform (publicly or otherwise), distribute, transmit, modify,
adapt (including, without limitation, in order to conform it to the requirements
of any networks, devices, services, or media through which the Services are
available), and create derivative works of, such Subscriber Content. The rights
you grant in this license are for the limited purposes of allowing Tumblr to
operate the Services in accordance with their functionality, improve the
Services, and develop new Services. The reference in this license to
"creat[ing] derivative works" is not intended to give Tumblr a right
to make substantive editorial changes or derivations, but does, for example,
enable reblogging, which allows Tumblr Subscribers to redistribute
Subscriber Content from one Tumblr blog to another in a manner that allows them
to add their own text or other Content before or after your Subscriber Content.
When you upload your creations to Tumblr,
you’re giving us permission to make them available in all the ways you would
expect us to (for example, via your blog, RSS, the Tumblr Dashboard, etc.). We
never want to do anything with your work that surprises you. Something else
worth noting: Countless Tumblr blogs have gone on to spawn books, films,
albums, brands, and more. Any royalties or reimbursement you get for your
creations are, needless to say, entirely yours. It's your work, and we're proud
to be a part (however small) of what you accomplish.
You also agree that
this license includes the right for Tumblr to make all publicly-posted Content
available to third parties selected by Tumblr, so that those third parties can
syndicate and/or analyze such Content on other media and services.
An example of what it means to "make
all publicly-posted Content available" to a Tumblr partner for
distribution or analysis would be licensing the Tumblr "firehose," a
live feed of all public activity on Tumblr, to partners like search engines.
Note also that this
license to your Subscriber Content continues even if you stop using the
Services, primarily because of the social nature of Content shared through
Tumblr’s Services - when you post something publicly, others may choose to comment
on it, making your Content part of a social conversation that can’t later be
erased without retroactively censoring the speech of others.
One thing you should consider before
posting: When you make something publicly available on the Internet, it becomes
practically impossible to take down all copies of it. You also agree that you will respect the
intellectual property rights of others, and represent and warrant that you have
all of the necessary rights to grant us this license for all Subscriber Content
you transfer to us.
Content License to
You: As a Subscriber of the Services, Tumblr grants you a worldwide, revocable,
non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, and non-transferable license to download,
store, view, display, perform, redistribute, and create derivative works of
Content solely in connection with your use of, and in strict accordance with
the functionality and restrictions of, the Services (including, without
limitation, Paid Services, as defined below). This means, for example, that we
license Content to you for purposes of reblogging.
Rights: Instagram does not claim ownership of any Content that you post on
or through the Service.
Instead, you hereby grant to Instagram a non-exclusive, fully
paid and royalty-free, transferable, sub-licensable, worldwide license to use
the Content that you post on or through the Service, subject to the Service's
including but not limited to sections 3 ("Sharing of Your
Information"), 4 ("How We Store Your Information"), and 5
("Your Choices About Your Information").
choose who can view your Content and activities, including your photos, as
Some of the Service is supported by advertising revenue and
may display advertisements and promotions, and you hereby agree that Instagram
may place such advertising and promotions on the Service or on, about, or in
conjunction with your Content. The manner, mode and extent of such advertising
and promotions are subject to change without specific notice to you. You
acknowledge that we may not always identify paid services, sponsored content,
or commercial communications as such.
represent and warrant that: (i) you own the Content posted by you on or through
the Service or otherwise have the right to grant the rights and licenses set
through the Service does not violate, misappropriate or infringe on the rights
of any third party, including, without limitation, privacy rights, publicity
rights, copyrights, trademark and/or other intellectual property rights;
(iii) you agree to
pay for all royalties, fees, and any other monies owed by reason of Content you
post on or through the Service;
and (iv) you have the legal right
It costs money to set up and maintain a social network, especially one that has free access, so it is not surprising that these networks want something in return. The question for an illustrator is: Does the return justify the potential cost? And for those who need and seek exposure, for the time being, it might. Perhaps all of this legal language is harmless, and I hope it is, but at the same time it may not be.